Us Signs Peace Agreement With Taliban

Another possibility is that the Taliban may be the main cause of the break-in talks, either because Taliban leaders refuse to enter into negotiations or because they make unacceptable demands on the United States and the Afghan government. The Taliban have already questioned many issues, such as the legitimacy of the current Afghan government and the exchange of prisoners. The Afghan government did not participate in the February 2020 agreement because the Taliban deemed the Ghani government illegitimate and refused to negotiate with its representatives. Taliban leaders also left talks with the Afghan government in April 2020 after a lack of agreement on prisoner exchanges. On July 1, 2020, the U.S. House Armesd Services Committee voted overwhelmingly in favor of amending the National Defense Authorization Act to limit President Trump`s ability to withdraw U.S. troops from Afghanistan. [111] [112] While it is not clear who is speaking for the Afghan government, it is also not clear who speaks for the Taliban. The Taliban are not a single unified organization, but consist of different commanders and militias throughout Afghanistan, many of whom have conflicting ideas about the war and now about the peace agreement. The Taliban leaders who negotiated the peace agreement came from the Taliban-led group, called Quetta Shura. This group is atonic Pakistan and is largely a political and economic organization.

Quetta Shura controls the highly profitable opium and heroin trade that funds the Taliban`s military operations in Afghanistan. Quetta Shura is ruled by high-ranking Taliban, including Haibutullah Akhundzada, Mohammed Yaqub, Mohammed Omar and Abdul Ghani Baradar. On 31 March 2020, the UN Security Council called on all parties to the conflict to declare a ceasefire so that the peace process could continue. [128] [129] On 1 April 2020, it was reported that both the Taliban and the Afghan government had held personal talks the previous day, contrary to previous videoconference interviews in Kabul, and that they were being monitored by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). [130] However, the Afghan office of the National Security Council stated that the only progress made to date was “technical,” and Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid went on to say, “There will be no political discussions there.” [130] Apart from the talks, tensions also erupted between the Afghan government and the Taliban when the Afghan authorities blamed the Taliban for an explosion on 1 April 2020, which killed several children in Helmand. [130] On the second day of the trial, it was agreed that on 2 April 2020, up to 100 Taliban prisoners would be released in exchange for 20 Afghan soldiers. Finally, the agreement provides that the United States will begin diplomatic talks with the United Nations to remove Taliban members from the “sanctions list.”

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